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St. Jerome, c.342-420

The Christian ascetic and scholar, St. Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus), was born at Stridon. He studied Greek and Latin rhetoric and philosophy at Rome, where he was also baptized. In 370, he settled in Aqileia with his friend Rufinus, but went to the East, and after a dangerous illness at Antioch, retired in 374 to the desert of Chalcis. In 379, he was ordained a priest at Antioch, He then went to Constantinople. In 382, he went on a mission connected with the Meletian schism at Antioch to Rome, where he became the secretary to Pope Damascus, and where he attained great influence by his sanctity and learning. He settled at Bethlehem in 386 and governed one of the four convents set up by Lady Paula. It was here that Jerome pursued his great literary endeavors and issued his invective against Jovinian, Virgilantius and the Pelegians, and even against Rufinus and Augustine. He died September 30, 420. His letters, treatises, commentaries on the the Holy Scriptures and a version and revision of former versions of the Bible (the Vulgate) were later edited by Erasmus (1516).

 

Further Resources
Influence of St. Jerome in Anglo-Saxon Literature (UNC-Chapel Hill)
Letter to a Soldier
(Northpark)
On Marriage and Virginity, From Letter XXII to Eustochium
(Paul Halsall)
On The Song of Songs, From the treatise Against Jovinian
(Paul Halsall)

St. Jerome
(Catholic Encyclopedia)

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