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Sumerian Civilization Resources

cylinder.gif (18267 bytes)Fortunately, there are a great number of very good Internet sites that focus on ancient Sumer and its contribution to western civilization. I have listed several of them here and they should serve as excellent starting points to future research.

The cylinder seal (portrayed here) was made by carving images on a small, cylindrical stone which was then rolled over a piece of moist clay on which was also recorded a contract, record, or official receipt. By affixing a seal to a tablet, the user validated its contents. It appears that the type of stone from which the cylinder was made also aided the belief that it possessed certain powers. This cylinder seal was dedicated to a little-known goddess, Ninishkun.

Resources
Ancient and Lost Civilization - Sumer
Mesopotamian Texts Archive
The Nippur Expedition: Holy City of Nippur
Sumerian Language Page
Sumerian Mythology
Ziggurat of Marduk

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copyright 2000 Steven Kreis
Last Revised -- February 28, 2006
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